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How to Set up Pure-FTPD Server on Centos 7

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FTPD stands for (File Transfer Protocols Daemon) which is used to transfer files between computer and server. Pure-FTPD is a secure server that uses TCP protocol. It is used for personal use to transfer files. In this tutorial, we are going to set up Pure-FTPD on Centos 7 to transfer files over the FTP server.

There are other effortless ways as well to set up your Pure-FTPD server with the help of a control panel. But, in this tutorial, we are going to discuss the steps to create a Pure-FTPD server from the command line terminal on Centos 7.

Table of content

  1. Prerequisites
  2. Add Pure-FTPD Repository
  3. Installation of Pure-FTPD
  4. Create MySQL (Maria DB) User and Database
  5. Configuration of Pure FTPD and Maria DB File
  6. Test Pure-FTPD Setup and Create User Account
  7. Conclusion

Prerequisites

  • Root user account/Non-root user account with Sudo privileges on your server.
  • Centos 7 (You can download Putty 7.03 in case you are using Windows as an operating system. It will ask your server’s IP address and with one click you will log in from root user account).
  • Installation and configuration of Openlitespeed web server, PHP and Maria DB.
  • Download the latest version of FileZilla to run FTP Account.

Add Pure-FTPD Repository

Epel repository package is needed to install Pure-FTPD on centos 7:

sudo yum install epel-release

Installation of Pure-FTPD

Use the following command to install Pure-FTPD:

yum install pure-ftpd

Create MySQL (Maria DB) User and Database

Step 1) log in to Maria DB account:

mysql -u root -p

Step 2) Create Database

CREATE DATABASE pureftpd;

Step 3) Now create a database and user and grant him access to make changes:

GRANT ALL ON pureftpd.* to 'pureftpd'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '_password_';

Step 4) Flush Privileges command:

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Step 5) Use the FTPD database and create a table for a user and quit command:

use pureftpd;
CREATE TABLE `users` (
  `ID` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `User` varchar(32) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `Password` varchar(64) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `Uid` int(3) NOT NULL DEFAULT '500',
  `Gid` int(3) NOT NULL DEFAULT '500',
  `Dir` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `QuotaSize` int(4) NOT NULL DEFAULT '50',
  `Status` enum('0','1') NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
  `ULBandwidth` int(2) NOT NULL DEFAULT '100',
  `DLBandwidth` int(2) NOT NULL DEFAULT '100',
  `Date` date NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00',
  `LastModif` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  PRIMARY KEY (`ID`),
  UNIQUE KEY `User` (`User`),
  KEY `Uid` (`Uid`),
  KEY `Gid` (`Gid`),
  KEY `Dir` (`Dir`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

exit

Configuration of Pure FTPD and Maria DB File

Step 1)  Create and Configure Pure-Ftpd file using the following command:

nano /etc/pure-ftpd/pure-ftpd.conf

Step 2) We will make the following changes in Pure-Ftpd configuration file:

ChrootEveryone              yes
MaxClientsNumber            50
MaxClientsPerIP             2
VerboseLog                  yes
AnonymousOnly               no
NoAnonymous                 yes
MaxIdleTime                 15
MySQLConfigFile             /etc/pure-ftpd/pureftpd-mysql.conf
PAMAuthentication    	     no
UnixAuthentication     	     no

Step 3) Create and Configure Pure-Ftpd MySQL file using the following command:

nano /etc/pure-ftpd/pureftpd-mysql.conf

Step 4) Now update the following variables:

MYSQLUser       pureftpd
MYSQLPassword   _password_
MYSQLDatabase   pureftpd
MYSQLCrypt      md5
MYSQLSocket     /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

Now, we have completed our Pure-FTPD setup.

Test Pure-FTPD Setup and Create User Account

Now we will test our Pure-FTPD set up by creating an FTP account. We need to create a user and we will use that user’s UID and GID to create our virtual FTP account.

Step 1) To create a user account:

useradd -m -d /home/wordpress faizan

Step 2) To set the password for a user account:

passwd faizan

Step 3) Now get UID and GID of this account:

cat /etc/passwd | grep faizan

Output:

UID and GID

The output shows that the user’s UID and GID are 1000 respectively.

Step 4) Now we are ready to create FTP account using the following command in Maria DB:

mysql -u root -p

use pureftpd;

INSERT INTO `users` (`User`, `Password`, `Uid`, `Gid`, `Dir`, `QuotaSize`,
`Status`, `ULBandwidth`, `DLBandwidth`, `Date`, `LastModif`)
VALUES ('faizan', md5('faizan'), '1000', '1000', '/home/wordpress',
'20', 2, '10', '10', now(), '');

exit

Step 5) Use “systemctl” command to restart Pure-FTPD:

systemctl restart pure-ftpd

Step 6) Now go to FileZilla and enter the following information to transfer file from your computer to server or server to computer:

  • Host ( enter your server IP Address)
  • Username ( In this guide, we are using exemplary username i.e. Faizan)
  • Password (enter your password that you have saved while generating username)

Conclusion

Finally, we have set up Pure-FTPD on Centos 7 from the command line terminal. Other than that, you can also Install CyberPanel (web hosting control panel) with few clicks using SSH to set up the Pure-FTPD server with one click from the graphical user interface. CyberPanel comes with two variants (Free vs. Paid) but if you have a single domain then you can easily install and use CyberPanel for free to manage your site in less time. Free license of CyberPanel includes premium support, Openlitespeed web server, Pre-installed applications to set up with one click and an Incremental backup system to secure your website.

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